Global Academic Professionals


A core team of experts with an extensive professional network that include a combination of internationally - recognized scholars, military, diplomatic, intelligence, legal, and other public service professionals. Academic and professional - they bring a combination of scholarly rigor and an extensive public service background to the understanding of complex issues pertaining to the following topics:
  • The military dimension of democracy and democratic consolidation
  • Legal and institutional bases of security institutions
  • Democratic oversight of intelligence agencies
  • Impact assessment of public policies and programs
  • Global and local threats to security and democracy
  • Intelligence Fusion Centers
  • Database analytics
  • Risk Analysis, Including Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction

Global Academic Professionals

Michael R. Bruneau is the President of Global Academic Professionals LLC with experience in the military, civilian and defense-contracting sectors of business.
Mr. Bruneau spent 16 years on active and reserve duty in the U.S. Navy as a Special Operations Officer serving in multiple leadership positions within the Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) and Diving community. From 1994 through 2004, Mr. Bruneau served on active duty with specific assignment forward deployed to the Pacific Area of Responsibility supporting maritime and counter-terrorism mission tasking.  He continued his role in the EOD mission area with a follow-on tour to France as the Personnel Exchange Program Officer for EOD and Diving/Salvage.  Mr. Bruneau completed his active duty service as the Operations Officer for EODMU THREE through Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom, responsible for deploying EOD detachments in support of the Global War on Terror.  Mr. Bruneau’s reserve assignments have continued in the EOD mission area to include Anti-Terrorism/Force Protection and Counter-Improvised Explosive Device mission tasking.
Mr. Bruneau started his career in corporate America after completing active duty service in the United States Navy and attaining a Masters in Business Administration.  He began with the Operations Leadership Program of United Technologies Corporation fulfilling roles in Operations, Quality and Supply Chain in the aerospace and industrial market segments.  Follow-on roles with United Technologies Corporation under Hamilton Sundstrand included Repair Center Profit and Loss Management for the Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) market, and Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) and Program Management roles. Mr. Bruneau continues to work in defense contracting with responsibility for program management and global business development. 

Mr. Bruneau is a graduate of the United States Naval Academy with a Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics and a minor in French.  He holds a Masters in Business Administration from the Thunderbird School of Global Management.  He is fluent in English, French, Spanish and proficient in Portuguese.

Certificate in Logistics – Georgia Institute of Technology
Master Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technician
Project Management Professional

Active as US Naval Academy Blue and Gold Officer

Global Academic Professionals

Vice President
Fluent in Portuguese and Spanish; Adequate in French

Thomas Bruneau is a Distinguished Professor Emeritus of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School. He joined the Department in 1987 after having taught in the Department of Political Science at McGill University in Montreal since 1969. Dr. Bruneau became Chairman of the Department in 1989, and continued in that position until 1995. He became Director of the Center for Civil Military Relations in November 2000, a position he held until December 2004. He has researched and written extensively on Latin America, Portugal and a wide variety of issues in security and civil – military relations. Dr. Bruneau has published more than a fifteen books in English and Portuguese as well as articles in journals including Latin American Research Review, Comparative Politics, Third World Quarterly, Encyclopedia of Democracy, Journal of Democracy, International Journal of Intelligence and Counterintelligence, Democratization, and Military Affairs.

His six recently published books are:

Thomas Bruneau, Co - Edited with Scott Tollefson, Who Guards the Guardians and How: Democratic Civil – Military Relations (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2006).

Thomas Bruneau, Co - Edited with CDR Steve Boraz, is Reforming Intelligence: Obstacles to Democratic Control and Effectiveness (Austin: University of Texas Press).

Thomas Bruneau, Co - Edited with Harold Trinkunas, Global Politics of Defense Reform, (Palgrave – Macmillan in February 2008).

Thomas Bruneau, Co - Edited with Lucia Dammert and Elizabeth Skinner, Maras: Gang Violence and Security in Central America (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2011).

Thomas Bruneau, Patriots for Profit: Contractors and the Military in U.S. National Security (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2011).

Thomas Bruneau, co-edited with Florina Cristiana Matei, The Routledge Handbook of Civil-Military Relations (London: Routledge Publishers, 2013).

A native of California, Professor Bruneau received his B.A. from California State University at San Jose and his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of California at Berkeley. He was a Fulbright scholar to India (1962-63) and to Brazil (1985-86), and has been awarded fellowships from foundations in Canada, Portugal, and the U.S. He has traveled extensively in Latin America, Europe, and Asia with shorter trips to Africa. He has been leading seminars for CCMR for thirteen years.

In addition to his position as Professor in the NSA Department, Professor Bruneau was the Academic Associate for the curriculum in International Security and Civil-Military Relations from its founding in 1996 until 2002. Between 1998 and 2001 he served as rapporteur of the Defense Policy Board that supports the Secretary of Defense and his staff. He has done the research and writing on Portugal for the Bertelsmann Foundation Sustainable Governance Indicators research and book project three times.

He is married to Celia Crawford Bruneau, originally from San Francisco, a practicing lawyer. They have five children and eight grandchildren.

In addition to his in - residence teaching on Latin American Security and Politics, Civil – Military Relations, and Intelligence Reform in the Masters degree program at the Naval Postgraduate School, Bruneau leads approximately ten seminars a year in Latin America, Asia, and East/Central Europe on security topics. He also organizes and leads the in - residence Executive Program for the Center for Civil – Military Relations and the in-residence and Latin American program for the Latin American Foreign Area Officers (FAO) in the Joint FAO Sustainment Program as well as combating street gangs using Intelligence Fusion Centers.

Bruneau’s technical assistance includes work with the Brazilian Congress in creating effective oversight mechanisms for the intelligence agencies and assistance to the Government of Colombia in strengthening the civilian – led Ministry of Defense.

Global Academic Professionals
International Affairs Professional

Kara L. Bue is one of five founding partners of Armitage International, L.C., a consulting firm that specializes in international business development, strategic planning, and problem solving. Armitage International was formed in March 2005.

From 2003-2005, Ms. Bue served as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Regional Stability within the Bureau of Political-Military Affairs (PM). Her direct responsibilities included supervision of the Offices of Regional Security and Arms Transfers; Plans, Policy and Analysis; and Weapons Removal and Abatement. In that capacity, she managed programs involving government-to-government arms sales, coalition support and foreign military assistance, non-UN peacekeeping, critical infrastructure protection, destruction and security of small arms and light weapons, and humanitarian mine action. Prior to her position within PM, she served for nearly two years as Special Assistant to then-Deputy Secretary of State Richard L. Armitage. During that time, Ms. Bue advised the Deputy Secretary on South Asia, international security, and counter terrorism matters.

From 1993 to 2000, Ms. Bue was in private practice as a corporate and securities lawyer specializing in financial services law. As an adjunct to her law practice, she participated, on a pro bono basis, in studies sponsored by the Center for Strategic and International Studies on the legal aspects of homeland defense. During law school, Ms. Bue held internships in the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Office of the Army General Counsel, and private law firms. Prior to law school, she served as Special Assistant to the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy; Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of the Army for Research, Development and Acquisition; and as a policy analyst for SRS Technologies.

Ms. Bue is a graduate of Brown University and Loyola Law School, Los Angeles. She is admitted to practice law in California and the District of Columbia. Ms. Bue serves on the Board of Directors of Freedom Fields USA, a non-profit organization dedicated to the humanitarian de-mining of war torn countries, and Elite Training and Security, a service provider to the federal government. She is a member of the Board of Advisors of the Center for Civil-Military Relations (CCMR) at the Naval Postgraduate School and teaches courses on civil-military relations through CCMR to foreign civilian and military participants. She is a recipient of the State Department's Superior Honor Award.

Kara Bue conducts seminars for clients in Asia and the Middle East. In addition, in collaboration with the Center for Civil – Military Relations Ms Bue has conducted one – week seminars in Armenia, El Salvador, and Bangladesh.

Through her partnership in Armitage International and humanitarian assistance non-governmental organizations, Ms Bue provides technical assistance to organizations and governments in Asia and the Middle East on security assistance and humanitarian issues.

Global Academic Professionals

Major General Richard B. Goetze, Jr., USAF (Ret.) completed 30 years of military service in 1989. Since his retirement he has been active in education and private enterprise. From 1992-1997 he served as the President of the College of Aeronautics in New York City. From 1998-2005 he taught, was a member of the Board of Directors, and then Chairman of the Board of Directors of the American Military University, and the American Public University System. In addition, General Goetze was President and then Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Aerospace Education Foundation. He has also worked with the Institute for Defense Analyses, the Center for Strategic and International Studies, the Institute for National Security Studies of the National Defense University, and a number of private firms. As an adjunct faculty member with the Naval War College for 10 years, he taught a seminar on National Security Decision Making to Navy officers, members of the Government Accountability Office, and Congressional staffers.

General Goetze served in a number of significant command and staff positions with the Strategic Air Command, and with the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In the Strategic Air Command he commanded organizations that ranged in size from 125 to 15,000 people. He was responsible for development and maintenance of the national strategic nuclear war plan. He also led a planning and programming staff that managed the Command’s fiscal planning system and was responsible for major acquisition programs valued at more than $100 Billion. As Vice Director of the Joint Staff from September 1987-September 1989, General Goetze served as Inspector General for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Senior Fiscal Manager responsible for financial planning and execution of a $450 million budget, Senior Information Resource Manager, and Senior Security Manager.

General Goetze graduated as a member of the first class at the U.S. Air Force Academy, and was selected by the George Olmsted Foundation for a two-year postgraduate scholarship at the National University of Buenos Aires, Argentina. In 1967 he earned a Master of Arts degree in Latin American Studies from the American University in Washington, D.C. In 1973 he earned a Ph.D. from that same institution.

As a volunteer for duty in Vietnam, General Goetze flew over 1200 hours on 280 combat missions. Among many decorations for valor and merit, he was awarded the Defense Distinguished Service Medal (the nation’s highest peacetime award for defense leadership and management). He continues to fly actively as an aircraft owner and FAA certificated flight instructor. He and his wife, the former Vera Rukavina of Zagreb, Croatia, live in Arlington, Virginia.

Dr Goetze has worked with CCMR for more than a decade where he has led and participated in seminars dealing with all aspects of security in all countries in Latin America as well as Cambodia, Mongolia, and Poland.. He has lectured on national security strategy process issues and civil-military relations at the Inter-American Defense College, National Defense University, and American University.

At the request of Ambassador Patterson in July 2001, he was one of a three-person CCMR team that presented a one-day seminar on concepts of civil-military relations, strategic leadership, and strategic planning to Colombian President-elect Uribe and his entire cabinet. In 2004-05, as leader of an Institute for Defense Analyses interagency team, he assisted the government of Kuwait in development of a national defense and security strategy, and a national military strategy.

Global Academic Professionals
Practicising Lawyer

Frank Hespe has been an attorney for over 20 years and is presently a partner in the law firm of Nicora and Hespe in Carmel, California. Prior to returning to the Monterey Peninsula, Mr. Hespe worked for the American Bar Association in a number of different positions over a four year period, including Legal Specialist, Country Director and Regional Director in such places as Qatar, Azerbaijan, and the Central Asian nations of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Mr. Hespe specializes in being Chief of Party for Rule of Law programs in challenging and post-conflict environments, including directing programs on anti-corruption, gender equality, training judges, law school development and curriculum reform, continuing legal education and Bar Association reform.

Before his work abroad, from 2002 to 2005, Mr. Hespe served as Dean of the Monterey College of Law, after previously working there for 12 years as an Adjunct Professor of International Law and the Director of Clinical Studies Program. From 1993 to 2001, he served as the Executive Director of Legal Services for Seniors, a non-profit organization dedicated to assisting low income senior citizens in Monterey County.

In the area of Community Service, Mr. Hespe has been Judge Pro Tem of the Small Claims and Traffic Court Division of the Monterey Superior Court; president and treasurer of the Monterey County Bar Association; member of the United Nations Association, co-chair of the United Way of the Salinas Valley; past president and member of the board of directors of the Charitable Council of Monterey County; member of the City of Pacific Grove Senior Housing Committee; member of the Planned Giving Advisory Council of California State University, Monterey Bay; member of the board of directors of the Alzheimer’s Association, Monterey County chapter; and member of the board of directors of the Berkeley Community Law Center and founding member of the University of California, Berkeley School of Law’s free legal clinic.

Mr. Hespe earned his B.A., summa cum laude, from Rutgers University, and his J.D. degree from the University of California, Berkeley School of Law.

Frank Hespe delivered scores of seminars on all aspects of rule of law reform in Kazakhstan, and the four other “stans” between 2005 and 2009.

The seminars noted above also concern technical assistance.

Global Academic Professionals

James R. Locher III has more than twenty-five years of experience in both the executive and legislative branches of the Federal Government. He graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1968, received an MBA from the Harvard Business School in 1974, and was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Hampden-Sydney College in 1992.

Mr. Locher began his career in Washington as an executive trainee in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. Subsequently, he served in the Executive Office of the President as executive secretary of the White House Working Group on Maritime Policy. Returning to the Pentagon, Mr. Locher worked as an operations research analyst in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Program Analysis and Evaluation.  In 1978, Mr. Locher joined the Senate Committee on Armed Services as a professional staff member, initially serving as senior adviser on international security affairs and force projection programs. In 1985, the committee assigned Mr. Locher responsibility for strategy and organization. He directed the bipartisan staff effort that resulted in the Goldwater-Nichols Defense Reorganization Act of 1986 and served as the senior staffer for the special operations and low-intensity conflict reform legislation, known as the Cohen-Nunn Amendment.

President George H. W. Bush appointed Mr. Locher to the post of assistant secretary of defense for special operations and low-intensity conflict in October 1989. He supervi­sed the special opera­tions and low-intensity conflict activities of the Department of Defense, performed as the principal civilian adviser to the secretary of defense on these matters, and represented the secretary in senior subordinate groups of the National Security Council. He served as assistant secretary throughout the Bush administration and into the early stages of the Clinton administration. During the latter period, Mr. Locher also served as acting under secretary of defense for policy.

For the next ten years, Mr. Locher consulted, lectured, and wrote. He served as a senior consultant to the Commission on Roles and Missions of the Armed Forces and as a member of the secretary of defense’s Task Force on Defense Reform and the National Security Study Group of the U.S. Commission on National Security in the 21st Century. In 2003-04, Mr. Locher chaired the Defense Reform Commission of Bosnia and Herzegovina. From 2006-12, he served as president and CEO of the Project on National Security Reform, a nonprofit organization that worked to modernize and improve the U.S. national security system to better protect the American people against 21st century dangers. More recently, Mr. Locher has lectured at the U.S. Army War College as a Visiting Professor of Interagency National Security Studies. Currently, Mr. Locher holds an appointment as a Distinguished Senior Fellow at the Joint Special Operations University.

Mr. Locher’s principal publication is, Victory on the Potomac: The Goldwater-Nichols Act Unifies the Pentagon (Texas A & M University Press, 2002)

His main awards include:

  • The Department of Defense Medal for Distinguished Public Service, the department’s highest civilian award, 1993.

The Medal of Honor in 2005 from the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution for outstanding service to the United States.

Global Academic Professionals

Captain Paul Shemella USN (Ret.) graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1972 and served for two years as an engineer in USS Decatur (DDG-31) and joinied the Naval Special Warfare community in 1974.  Mr. Shemella served with a variety of SEAL units at every level including command, while planning and conducting special operations in Latin America, Europe, and Africa. 

Mr. Shemella received a Masters’ degree in National Security Affairs from the Naval Postgraduate School.  He served as the Naval Surface Force Pacific staff officer for special warfare, mine warfare, and explosive ordnance disposal; then became the Executive Officer for Special Boat Unit Eleven in Vallejo, CA.  In 1986 he was selected as a ‘Senior Fellow in National Security’ at Harvard University’s John F. Kennedy School of Government.    

In 1987 he was assigned to the Chief of Naval Operations staff in the Pentagon to work special warfare plans, policy, and operational issues.  During that time he assisted in maritime security, counter-terrorist planning and operations in several theaters.  Mr. Shemella was appointed for command of all SEAL and Special Boat Unit forces in Latin America, participating in Operation ‘Just Cause’ and establishing riverine and coastal counter-narcotics programs throughout the region. 

Mr. Shemella served as the Chief of Policy, Strategy, and Doctrine for the U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM).  In 1994 he was assigned as Chief of Staff for Special Operations Command Europe (SOCEUR).  In that capacity, he managed operational and administrative duties for special operations in Europe and Africa prior to his retirement from the Navy at the end of 1996.

Following retirement, Mr. Shemella supported the efforts of the Institute for Defense Analysis (IDA) and completed a riverine interdiction study for OSD to evaluate equipment requirements for the government of Peru.  He relocated to Monterey, California and became the Operations Officer at The Center for Civil-Military Relations (CCMR) within the Naval Postgraduate School in 1998.  Mr. Shemella has planned and led seminars for international officials all over the world, assisted by a network of terrorism experts drawn from academia, retired military, government service, and the private sector. 

In 2006 Mr. Shemella developed a new CCMR program called ‘Responses to Maritime Violence,’ and recruited a network of maritime experts to deliver seminars and workshops on strategic-level maritime security.  These programs have educated almost 1,000 civilian and military officials in how governments can respond to maritime terrorism, piracy, and illegal maritime trafficking.  Many of the maritime programs have focused on African countries and regions.  

Among his dozen publications are the following:

‘Frost and Fire: The Maritime LNG Sabotage Threat,’ Naval Postgraduate School Masters Thesis, March 1982.

Who Guards the Guardians and How: Democratic Civil-Military Relations, Chapter: ‘Roles and Missions of Armed Forces,’ June 2006.

‘Interagency Coordination: The Other Side of CIMIC,’ Small Wars and Insurgencies; Vol. 17, Issue 4, 2006.

Fighting Back: What Governments Can Do About Terrorism, Stanford University Press, Palo Alto, CA, 2011.  Principal author and editor.

Co-edited a series of four books on countering terrorism with Denis Caleta of the Slovenian Ministry of Defense and University of Maribor, 2009-2013.

Forthcoming book, Riders on the Storm: How Governments Manage Maritime Violence, Stanford University Press, January 2016.  Principal author and editor.

Forthcoming, The Future of Counterinsurgency, Co-edited with Lawrence E. Cline, Praeger, Fall 2015. 

Global Academic Professionals
Fluent in Arabic

Robert Springborg, until August 2008, he held the MBI Al Jaber Chair in Middle East Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, where he also served as Director of the London Middle East Institute. Before taking up that Chair he was Director of the American Research Center in Egypt. From 1973 until 1999 he taught in Australia, where he was University Professor of Middle East Politics at Macquarie University. He has also taught at the University of California, Berkeley, the University of Pennsylvania and elsewhere.

His publications include Mubarak’s Egypt: Fragmentation of the Political Order; Family Power and Politics in Egypt; Legislative Politics in the Arab World (co-authored with Abdo Baaklini and Guilain Denoeux); Globalization and the Politics of Development in the Middle East (co-authored with Clement M. Henry); Oil and Democracy in Iraq; Development Models in Muslim Contexts: Chinese, ‘Islamic’ and Neo-Liberal Alternatives and several editions of Politics in the Middle East (co-authored with James A. Bill). He co-edited a volume on popular culture and political identity in the Gulf that appeared in 2008. He has published in the leading Middle East journals and was the founder and regular editorialist for The Middle East in London, a monthly journal that commenced publication in 2003. He has worked as a consultant on Middle East governance and politics for the United States Agency for International Development, the US State Department, the UNDP, and various UK government departments, including the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, the Ministry of Defence and the Department for International Development.

He is a member and past President (1991), Australasian Middle East Studies Association; member of the National Advisory Committee of the Middle East Policy Council, Washington, D.C. 1997-; member of the Editorial Board of The Middle East in London, 2003-; member of the Editorial Board of the LMEI/SOAS Saqi Series on Contemporary Middle East Issues, 2005-; member of the Board of Trustees of the Committee for British Research in the Levant, 2005-; member of the Board of the British Society for Middle East Studies, 2004-; member of the Editorial Board of Foreign Policy Bulletin, 2005-; Member of the Board of Trustees, Arab-British Chamber of Commerce Foundation, 2007-; member of the Steering Committee of Il Vicino Oriente, September 2007-; member of the Editorial Board of the Routledge Series on the Political Economy of the Middle East, 2008-; member of Phi Beta Kappa Epsilon of Minnesota, 2008-.

“Arab Economic and Political Reform”, Middle East Group, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London, 3 June 2010. “Middle East Economies” Royal Danish Defense College, Copenhagen, 3 May 2010. “Iraqi History and Politics” ten seminars presented to the officers of the UK Defence Forces prior to deployment to Iraq, London, 2003 – 2005

Since 1991 Dr. Springborg has been a consultant to USAID on governance and democracy in the Middle East.  He has designed, evaluated and managed projects for USAID in various Middle Eastern countries in such areas as economic reform, administrative decentralization, parliamentary development, political parties, and the media.

As a consultant to the UK Department for International Development, he has led teams to assess capacities of local government and voluntary associations in Iraq; evaluate the impact of oil on political development in Iraq; and evaluate the effectiveness of the Palestinian Negotiation Support Office.  He was a member of the team of consultants employed by the UK Government to design the Conflict Prevention Pool that integrated the work of the UK Ministry of Defense, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, and the Department for International Development in the area of conflict reduction and prevention.

Global Academic Professionals
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